Current Trends in Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Chemistry

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Original Article


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56-67


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Rajashree Hirlekar*, Esha Patil, Srinivas Bhairy


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Solid nanostructured lipid carriers loaded with silymarin for oral delivery: Formulation development and evaluation


Original Article

Author Details : Rajashree Hirlekar*, Esha Patil, Srinivas Bhairy

Volume : 3, Issue : 4, Year : 2021

Article Page : 56-67

https://doi.org/10.18231/j.ctppc.2021.014



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Abstract

Aims: The present study was aimed at preparing stable dry adsorbed nanoparticles (DANs) of silymarin loaded nanostructured lipid carriers (NLCs). The prepared silymarin loaded NLCs and DANs were characterized for various quality parameters.
Methods and Material: Silymarin loaded NLCs were prepared by a modified hot melt emulsification ultra-sonication method using glyceryl monostearate (GMS), capmul MCM C8 EP (CAP) and gelucire 50/13 (G50/13) as solid lipid, liquid lipid and surfactant respectively. For better stability, NLC dispersion was converted into DANs by adsorbing them onto some suitable carriers. NLCs and DANs were characterized for particle size, polydispersity index, zeta potential, entrapment efficiency, drug loading, assay, thermal behavior, crystallinity and morphological study.
Results: The optimized NLCs have a mean particle size of 206.1±012.5 nm (size distribution of 0.249±0.058), a zeta potential of -32.5±1.2 mV with high entrapment of 95.60±0.45% and drug loading of 1.90±0.08%. The X-ray diffraction and endothermic peaks confirmed the maximum encapsulation of active in lipid matrices. The particles were spherical with smooth surface morphology. In-vitro release studies showed sustained drug release for up to 24 h. Ex-vivo permeation in the presence and absence of lymphatic blocker indicates the uptake of silymarin loaded NLCs by the lymphatic route.
Conclusion: Silymarin loaded NLCs prepared had a nanosize distribution with high entrapment efficiency. The ex-vivo permeation study for optimized NLC formulation exhibited the lymphatic uptake of active. Dispersion stability was increased by preparing the DANs. The solid dry powder is used for oral reconstitution and can be further converted into tablets or filled into capsules.


Keywords: Nanostructured lipid carrier, Silymarin, Adsorbent, Lymphatic uptake, Bioavailability


How to cite : Hirlekar R, Patil E, Bhairy S, Solid nanostructured lipid carriers loaded with silymarin for oral delivery: Formulation development and evaluation. Curr Trends Pharm Pharm Chem 2021;3(4):56-67

Copyright © 2021 by author(s) and Curr Trends Pharm Pharm Chem. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License (creativecommons.org)







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